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That depends. A victim would have to prove the following in order to hold the property owner responsible and have a premises liability case:
• That the property owner caused the unsafe condition and the subsequent slip and fall accident (by spilling something and not cleaning it up, by digging a hard-to-spot hole in a heavily trafficked area, etc.)
• That the property owner knew about the condition but did not try to correct it (by not posting a sign on uneven ground, etc.)
• That the property owner should have known about the danger, because a “reasonable” person would have found the problem and taken steps to prevent injuries caused by the slip and fall accident (This is the most common situation, as it is not clearly defined and is determined based on common sense).
Dangerous & hazardous conditions may cause slips and falls due to accumulation of water, ice or snow, liquids, as well as abrupt changes in flooring, raised or cracked sidewalks, poor lighting, or a hidden hazard, such as a hidden ground hole.
• A dangerous or hazardous condition may be apparent such as a broken step or railing in a staircase, or it may be hidden such as ground hole that is overgrown with grass.
• A dangerous and hazardous condition may be permanent such as a 2 inch raised area of a sidewalk creating a change in elevation, or it may be a temporary spill of liquid in the aisle of a grocery store.
• A dangerous and hazardous condition may even appear to be something normal but be in reality is a slippery situation.
The owner or manager of property can be liable to somebody injured on their property, but not under all circumstances. The owner or the manager of the property has to be negligent in the conduct of caring for or managing their property.
• For example: Someone could fall down because a light burned out in a staircase; however, if the light had burned out just before the person got to that staircase and the person fell down, in this situation, the property owner or manager probably would not be liable because the owner or manager of the property did not cause the defect in the property, and the defect did not last long enough for the owner or manager of the property to know about the defect and fix it.
Another circumstance where a property owner might not be liable is if the defect is a deminimus or trivial defect. If there is a defect in a raised sidewalk of 1/4 inch, where someone fell, then there is no liability. The sidewalk must be raised more than a minimum amount, and it must be proved that the person injured, tripped on the raised sidewalk.
In the case of temporary conditions such as a liquid spill, the length of time that the condition existed before the incident occurred has legal significance. If the spill occurred just before the incident, then the property owner may not be liable for injury, since the owner could not have known about the spill (and would not have been able to do anything about it) before the slip and fall occurred.
• For example: In a supermarket aisle another customer spills something immediately before the person falls down. In this case the owner of the store did not have enough time to find the spilled material and clean it up.
• If the owner did not directly cause the spill and someone else caused the spill, the spill would had to have been on the property for a long enough period of time for the owner to be able to know about it and to be able to clean it up.
Knowledge of dangerous or hazardous condition example:
• If the spill was present for some period of time before the incident, or occurs in an area subject to liquid spills, such as near the fresh flowers or fresh produce aisle in the supermarket where the produce or flowers are constantly automatically watered is a recurring event -whenever the aisles are mopped the floor becomes slippery, then the owner may be liable, even if the owner did not know about the spill before it occurred.
The value of a slip and fall depends on the particular facts of your particular case such as the location, the total amount of insurance coverage, the wealth of the defendant, the severity of the injury, the strength of the case, and the assets and insurance of anyone else in any way at least partially responsible, plus the skill of the lawyer involved. Depending on the jurisdiction and the facts of your particular case, generally, the following damages may be recoverable:
• medical bills and expenses incurred as a result of the incident
• lost income for time from work
• recovery of the fair value of any clothing damaged in the incident
• compensation for pain and suffering as a result of the incident
• general damages
If you or someone close to you has been injured, contact an experienced and successful fall attorney to help assess your rights. With over 29 years of experience, the Simon Law Group will provide a free and confidential consultation when you call 480-745-2450 or click on “Contact Our Firm” and we will E-mail you shortly. Please let us help you during this painful and difficult time.
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In general, a property owner will be considered to have knowledge of a dangerous or hazardous condition if it is permanent in nature. When a dangerous or hazardous condition is permanent in nature, the owner would have known, or should have known, about the condition before the slip and fall accident occurs.
• For example: If wet algae has accumulated on the sidewalk over a period of time due to leaking lawn sprinklers, it would have to be proved that the person responsible knew about, or should have known about the condition as it had been occurring over a period of time. An expert witness would be required to prove that algae overtime accumulates to this degree when water is leaking as in this situation.